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Scoville Heat Scale

hot sauces on scoville scale

Who is Scoville

 

Wilbur Lincoln Scoville is a pharmacologist from the last century. In 1912 he developed a system to measure the strength of peppers named Scoville scale. It’s used to measure the amount of capsaicin contained in each variety of pepper and measure its force.

 

Principle of Scoville Scale:

 

The principle of the Scoville scale is to prepare a solution of fresh peppers puree and to mix it with sweet water. The solutions are tasted by 5 people and as a long as burning sensation persists the dilution is continued. For example, cayenne must be diluted 30 to 50,000 times to no longer feel the burning sensation according to the Scoville scale.

 

Degree Evaluation Scoville heat unit
Example
0 Neutral 0 – 100 Pepper bell
1 Sweet 100 – 500 Sweet paprika
2 Warm 500 – 1 000 Anaheim chili
3 Spicy 1 000 – 1 500 Ancho chili
4 Hot 1 500 – 2 500 Espelette chili
5 Strong 2 500 – 5 000 Chimayo chili
6 Raging 5 000 – 15 000 Cayenne chili
7 Burning 15 000 – 30 000 Cascabel chili
8 Torrid 30 000 – 50 000 De Arbol chili
9 Volcanic 50 000 – 100 000 Tabasco chili
10 Explosive + 100 000 Habanero chili

 

 

Scoville scale on Hot Chili Sauce

 

On hot chili sauce we simplified the information by creating an icon which informs you about the force of the pepper. In this way in a glance you can know the strength of the sauce.

 

Scoville scale

 

In the table below, you can find the full version of Scoville scale.

 

 

Scoville Heat Unit Products or Chilis
15 000 000 – 16 000 000 Pure capsaicin
9 100 000 Nordihydrocapsaicin
8 600 000 Homodihydrocapsaicin et homocapsaicin
2 000 000 – 5 300 000 Self-defense spray
2 000 000 Moruga chili
1 463 700 Trinidad scorpion butch Taylor chili
1 382 118 Naga viper chili
1 000 000 Bhut Jolokia chili
876 000 – 970 000 Naga Dorset chili
855 000 – 1 041 427 Naga Jolokia or Tezpur chili
350 000 – 577 000 Habanero chili, Red Savina variety
100 000 – 325 000 Habanero chili, Scotch bonnet, rocoto chili, Jamaican Hot chili, African Birdseye
50 000 – 100 000 Thaï Hot chili, Malagueta chili, Chiltepin Pepper,
30 000 – 60 000 Bird chili or pequin chili
30 000 – 50 000 De cayenne chili
10 000 – 23 000 Serrano chili
5 000 – 10 000 Hugarian chili, Hot Wax
4 500 – 5 000 New Mexico chili, variety of anaheim chili
2 500 – 8 000 Jalapeño chili
2 500 – 5 000 Red Tabasco sauce
1 500 – 2 500 Rocotillo chili , Sriracha
1 000 – 1 500 Poblano chili
500 – 2 500 Anaheim chili
600 – 800 Green Tabasco sauce
100 – 500 Sweet Paprika, sweet chilis, some peppers
0 Pepper

 

Today, you can find some sauces measured at 1 000 000 Scoville Heat Unit, it’s the strongest sauces of the world! To handle with extreme caution and keep away from children, at risk of severe irritation (eyes and mouth).